Ensure Integrated Operation of Regional and National Power Systems to facilitate transfer of electric power within and across the regions and trans-national exchange of power with Reliability, Security and Economy.
The Corporation has set the following objectives in line with its Mission for integrated operation of regional and national power system through “Regional Load Despatch Centres” to discharge the following functions:
Functions of POSOCO
(Ministry of Power directive vide letter no. 41/20/2005- PG dated 4th July, 2008)
(i) To supervise and control all aspect concerning operations and manpower requirement of RLDCs and NLDC. All the employees and executives working with RLDCs and NLDC will be from the cadre of POSOCO. Presently POSOCO is a wholly owned subsidiary of POWERGRID. All the employees will be from the cadre of POWERGRID.
(ii) To act as the apex organisation for human resources requirement of NLDC and RLDCs.
(iii) To ensure planning and implementation of infrastructure required for smooth operation and development of NLDC and RLDCs.
(iv) To coordinate the functioning of NLDC and all the RLDCs.
(v) To advise and assist state level Load Despatch Centres, including specialised training etc.
(vi) To perform any other function entrusted to it by the Ministry of Power
Functions of RLDC
(Section 28 of Electricity Act, 2003)
(i) Be responsible for optimum scheduling and despatch of electricity within the region, in accordance with the contracts entered into with the licensees or the generating companies operating in the region;
(ii) Monitor grid operations;
(iii) Keep accounts of quantity of electricity transmitted through the regional grid;
(iv) Exercise supervision and control over the inter-State transmission system; and
(v) Be responsible for carrying out real time operations for grid control and despatch of electricity within the region through secure and economic operation of the regional grid in accordance with the Grid Standards and the Grid Code.
(vi) To levy and collect such fees & charges from the generating companies or licensees engaged in inter-state transmission of electricity as may be specified by the Central Commission.
HIGHLIGHTS OF NORTHERN REGION
- Largest in geographical area amongst the five regions covering 30.7% of the area and 28% of the country’s population.
- Largest number of constituents (9 states/UT’s, 3 Central Generating Companies, one Central Transmission Utility and Bhakra Beas Management Board).
- Largest sized hydro unit (250 MW at Nathpa Jhakri) in the country.
- Establishment of the first super thermal power station (Singrauli STPS) and 400 kV transmission system in the country.
- Establishment of the first High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) long distance transmission system in the country (2x750 MW, + 500 kV Rihand-Dadri HVDC bipole).
- First HVDC back-to-back interconnection with Western Region (2x250 MW back-to-back HVDC station at Vindhyachal).
- First 400 kV Static Var Compensators (SVC’s) in the country (2x + 140 MVAR SVC at Kanpur).
- Largest capacity of combined cycle gas power stations amongst the five regions (2939.50 MW) located along the 700 Kms. long Hazira-Bijaipur-Jagdishpur (HBJ) natural gas pipeline of GAIL.